Agranat Commission of Inquiry

   In November 1973, the government of Israel appointed a five-man commission of inquiry to investigate the events leading up to the Yom Kippur War (1973), including information concerning the enemy's moves and intentions; the assessments and decisions of military and civilian bodies regarding this information; and the Israel Defense Forces' (IDF) deployments, preparedness for battle, and actions in the first phase of the fighting. The commission was composed of Supreme Court chief justice Shimon Agranat; Justice Moshe Landau of the Supreme Court; State Comptroller Yitzhak Nebenzahl; and two former chiefs of staff of the IDF, Yigael Yadin and Chaim Laskov. The commission issued an interim report in April 1974 that focused primarily on events prior to the outbreak of hostilities and the conduct of the war during its early stages. Among its findings were that Prime Minister Golda Meir and Defense Minister Moshe Dayan were not responsible for Israel's lack of preparation for the Yom Kippur War and that faulty intelligence analysis was the primary failure. Lieutenant General David Elazar subsequently resigned as chief of staff of the IDF, and Major General Yitzhak Hofi was named as his temporary replacement. The commission's report also called for a new director of military intelligence to replace Major General Zeira and the reassignment of three other intelligence officers.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agranat Commission — The Agranat Commission was an official National Commission of Inquiry appointed by the Israeli government to investigate the circumstances leading to the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War. The Committee was headed by Shimon Agranat, Chief Justice of …   Wikipedia

  • Agranat, Shimon — (1906 1992)    Born in Louisville, Kentucky, he migrated to Palestine in 1930, where he settled in Haifa. He was appointed a justice of Israel s Supreme Court in 1950 and served on the five member panel that adjudicated the trial of Nazi war… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Commissions of Inquiry —    Basic Law: The Knesset provides for the creation of commissions of inquiry to investigate matters determined by the Knesset:    The Knesset may appoint commissions of inquiry either by empowering one of the permanent committees in that behalf… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Yom Kippur War — (1973)    On 6 October 1973 (Yom Kippur), Egypt and Syria launched a coordinated attack on Israeli positions on the Suez Canal and Golan Heights fronts. Taking Israel by surprise, the Arab armies crossed the Suez Canal, secured a beachhead in the …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Elazar, David (Dado) — (1925 1976)    Born in Zaghreb, Yugoslavia, he was brought to Palestine as part of the Youth Aliya in 1940. In 1946, he joined the Palmah. In the War of Independence (1948 49), he participated in the fighting for Jerusalem and later in the Sinai… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Laskov, Chaim — (1919 82)    Born in Russia, he immigrated (see ALIYA) to Palestine with his parents in 1925. His father was murdered by Arabs in 1930 in Haifa, where he studied in the Reali High School. He joined the Hagana at a young age and entered Orde… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Mechdal —    A Hebrew word meaning omission ; a term widely used in Israel in the aftermath of the Yom Kippur War (1973) to refer to the failures of the government and military to be fully prepared for the outbreak of the war and to respond to the initial… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • MEIR (Myerson, née Mabovitch), GOLDA — (1898–1978), mapai leader and Israeli prime minister in 1969–74; member of the First to Eighth Knessets. Meir was born in Kiev, Russia, where her father was a skilled carpenter. In 1906 the family migrated to the United States and settled in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yom Kippur War — Battle of Syria redirects here. For the World War II campaign against the Vichy French in Syria, see Syria Lebanon Campaign. Yom Kippur War/October War Part of the …   Wikipedia

  • 2006 Israeli reserve soldiers' protest — Main article 2006 Lebanon War The 2006 Israeli reserve soldiers protest was a protest movement which called for the resignation of the government and the establishment of a state commission of inquiry (the highest form of inquiry commission in… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.